Cybersecurity and Technology

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Cybersecurity Terms To Understand

Cybersecurity Terms to Understand

If you use the internet, then you need to know about cybersecurity. Cybersecurity is how we keep our information safe and secure online. From your personal email address to your bank account, from your credit card number to your social media passwords – it all needs a layer of protection against hackers and malicious software. Security is an ongoing process; one can never be too careful when it comes to privacy or the security of others. Here are some basic terms related to cybersecurity that you may find helpful in understanding this topic:

A firewall

A firewall is software that protects the security of your computer or network. Firewalls prevent outsiders from accessing private data and networks and keep internal users from accessing unauthorized sites. A firewall can be programmed with different levels of permissions depending on who needs access. It is usually possible to temporarily override a firewall’s restrictions for a limited amount of time.

Password

A password is a word or phrase used to authenticate access to data, devices, and buildings. Passwords are widely used in computer networks because they are relatively easy to implement and can be revoked. They are also harder for someone else to find out than other types of credentials like biometrics. However, passwords are vulnerable to hacking if they are not sufficiently complex.

Authentication

Authentication is validation that an individual can be trusted or that a computer system or network is secure and functioning properly. The authentication process involves the validating party evaluating something the subject brings with them to verify their identity. In computer systems, rather than something physical, a subject is authenticated through passwords or keys.

Data encryption

Data encryption is a process that drives home security by making data unreadable to anyone without authorized access. Encrypting data renders it meaningless to unauthorized users who might intercept it and try to read the contents. Encryption involves using algorithms and cryptographic keys to make data files unreadable.

Debugging

Debugging is checking and fixing errors in computer software or hardware. It can be performed on a live system, usually for testing purposes, but sometimes also when the program is in the maintenance phase or done on a copy of the program (“dummy”) to save time and effort. Debugging is often performed by programmers during the development process.

Malware

Malware refers to any kind of software designed to disrupt computer operation, gather sensitive information from your system, or gain access to private data such as passwords or banking details. Malware is often spread through phishing emails that contain infected attachments or links to compromised websites (also referred to as a watering hole attack).

If we implement preventive measures, such as those I have listed above, we can probably avoid cyber attacks. It will be pretty difficult for hackers to access any of your personal information if you avoid risky behaviors on the internet.

How To Train Your Employees On Cyber Security

How to Train Your Employees on Cyber Security

These days, data breaches and security issues that affect companies negatively are very common. Often, these issues could have been prevented if the employees had been properly trained on cybersecurity. Cybersecurity can best be defined as practices and protocols designed to protect against hacking and other online attacks. This protection should start with employees. They are frequently the biggest risk in the fight against hacking and cybercrime, but with proper training, they can become a great asset.

Enforce Regular Training

First of all, all businesses should require all employees to regularly undergo cybersecurity training. “Regular” is really the key term. As employees get smarter and better armed against cyber-attacks, hackers do too. This is why frequent, up-to-date training is absolutely necessary. The more regularly employees are trained, the better able they are to protect an organization against increasing and increasingly smart cyber attacks

Discourage Photos

It may sound crazy, but discouraging the taking of photos in the workplace can be an effective way to improve cybersecurity.

The thing about photos is that they often get shared online. And, unintentionally, private information could be shared as well. A perfectly innocent photo could accidentally feature a piece of paperwork with should-be-secure information, or it could reveal a computer screen packed with sensitive data.

Smart hackers often look carefully into the background of these types of photos and gain the information they need to attack. By discouraging photo-taking and teaching safe photo-taking protocols, workplaces can reduce the risk of these types of accidental leaks.

Require Strong Passwords

Almost everyone has found themselves frustrated when using sites that require complex passwords. However, these types of passwords are extremely helpful in preventing security issues. Thus, all organizations should require employees to use complex, regularly changed passwords.

Ideally, these passwords should be sufficiently long, should not contain words commonly found in the dictionary, should contain multiple types of characters, and should not be shared or reused anywhere.

Since employees may be tempted to reuse their passwords on non-work-related sites, be sure to educate them on the dangers of doing so and to enforce consequences for those who have been discovered breaking the rules.

Enforcing cybersecurity among employees may not be easy. It may not always be met with positivity either. But, following these and other smart protocols could take an organization from vulnerable to secure.

Cybersecurity And Crypto How They Work Together

Cybersecurity and Crypto: How They Work Together

The relationship between cybersecurity and crypto is a complicated one. Cybersecurity protects the information that companies collect from hackers, while cryptography ensures that data remains confidential once it has been collected.

Cryptocurrency – What Is It?

Cryptocurrency, or digital currency, is the future of money. It’s an encrypted form of cash that does not rely on a centralized bank to regulate its value. Instead, it relies on encryption and mathematics for security – which are two things cybersecurity excels at!

Cryptography ensures that cryptocurrency transactions remain confidential, while cryptography also helps protect data from hackers by encrypting it with strong algorithms so only you can access your files.

They offer a decentralized global payment system without borders (no national banks needed!) that lets us send money without dealing with all those annoying fees charged by traditional financial institutions.

Cybersecurity and Cybercrime

Cybercriminals have better access to cryptocurrency because of decentralization, which makes it vulnerable to hacking. As a result, billions of dollars in cryptocurrency have been stolen or lost to hackers.

However, with the help of blockchain technology and security protocols such as two-factor authentication (also known as “multi-factor authentication”), cryptocurrency can be more secure. Blockchains are digital ledgers that record transactions in chronological order so that they cannot be modified or hacked without leaving an indelible mark on time itself! The best part about this form of cybersecurity? It’s FREE!

Cryptocurrency Exchanges

Cybercriminals have used them for money laundering, drug trafficking, and, more recently, ransomware attacks. For example, the WannaCry attack relied on a vulnerability within systems at two Russian companies which were hacked last year – they took advantage of this weakness when attackers demanded ransom payments be made in Bitcoin or Ethereum.

Cryptography – The Science of Cryptocurrency Security

When cryptography and cybersecurity work together, we can enjoy the benefits of cryptocurrency without getting hacked!

When these two fields work together, they make some really interesting things happen: in this case, cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin offer people something new. They offer a decentralized global payment system without borders (no national banks needed!) that lets us send money without dealing with all those annoying fees charged by traditional financial institutions.

Cybersecurity excels at protecting data from cybercriminals, while cryptography also helps protect our data from hackers by encrypting it with strong algorithms so only you can access your files.

Protecting Your Personal Information On Social Media

Protecting Your Personal Information on Social Media

People can use these four tips to protect their personal information on social media.

Avoid posting sensitive information

Some people use social media for everything. They send Wi-Fi passwords to their friends. They upload work-related documents to colleagues. Some people even use Facebook to communicate with their accountants during tax season. Using social media to message people is okay. However, do not use the platform as a storage space for confidential documents. Instead, use flash drives. Important issues should be resolved offline.

Use anonymized platforms

People need to question whether it is necessary to use their real name and picture online. Do the pros outweigh the cons? Things can go wrong in a security breach. Identities get stolen. People’s lives get turned upside down. Internet users should consider using Reddit and other anonymized chatrooms. People can still find out about current events on Reddit. There are insightful discussions about various topics. For example, people talk about the latest technological advancements. They also share funny cat videos. People can stay safe on the internet by using fake credentials when signing up for an account. Become anonymous in case anything happens.

Make sure to log out

People stay logged in when they are at home. It is convenient. No one likes to waste time signing in. However, staying logged in is a cybersecurity issue. What happens when someone comes over? That person can easily access the computer when the homeowner is not looking. He or she can impersonate the homeowner on social media and ask friends for strange favors. This is a disaster waiting to happen. Therefore, users should remember to log out when they are finished with their browsing session.

Adjust privacy settings

Social media users have control over the types of people that can see their content. They can let the public see everything. They can also limit viewership to friends or friends of friends. People should become familiar with privacy settings because they can affect all aspects of life. Employers check social media when they screen applicants. Universities also research social media profiles before sending out acceptance letters. People should be mindful of these things when they log in.

By taking these actions, people can navigate social media without compromising their safety.

2021 Cybersecurity Career Trends

2021 Cybersecurity Career Trends

Technology is evolving rapidly, and businesses are changing how they operate with the emergence of new technologies like artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and automation. It is creating opportunities for companies to think beyond the everyday operations and development of recent career trends. The world is relying on technology, and with this, there is a need to enhance cybersecurity. Taking up a career in cybersecurity is lucrative because it guarantees full-time employment. Let us brush over some of the emerging cybersecurity career trends this year.

Blockchain developer

Developers create innovative systems to conquer hacking, which is a common cybersecurity threat. They often operate on multiple systems and are familiar with several programming languages. It is the job of blockchain developers to ensure the security of transactions by using secure methods such as cryptography.

Network engineer

The network engineers are responsible for dealing with computer networks. Network engineers perform installations and maintenance of components such as routers and cables. In addition, these professionals monitor network configuration and installation of firewalls to prevent cybersecurity threats. The salary average is about $158,213 for this profession.

Cybersecurity project manager

It is an excellent opportunity for any cybersecurity professional seeking a leadership role. The position gives you an upper hand to manage teams. It is the job of project managers to ensure that the different targets of the project are met within the specified time. In addition, they are charged with providing cybersecurity measures after the analysts have determined the various security measures. Most cyber project managers work with large teams and a budget, so the job demands are at a higher stake.

Information security analyst

The analysts are charged with the responsibility of creating plans and strategies to prevent cyber-attacks. They protect the entire infrastructure by monitoring networks, assessing threats, and protecting them from all types of cybersecurity threats. Once they have identified a treat, they can opt to work on it or escalate the issue depending on the complexity.

Ethical hackers

It is an excellent way of learning how cybercriminals operate. They are responsible for testing out a weakness or any breach in the security system. They create preventive measures even before hacking happens. One way of getting certification is through online learning, which makes you be certified.

Final thoughts

The careers mentioned above are trends that are emerging and evolving. Some of the professions may require you to go through the education system and get the certification. More cybersecurity careers will be on the rise this year and beyond as there is an increasing demand to maintain proper data security measures.

How Students At Home Can Practice Safe Cybersecurity

How Students at Home Can Practice Safe Cybersecurity

With the rise of social media, its become second nature to share every single thought we have on the internet as we chase internet fame. No one can guess what just might take off and make them famous, so people have become more bold and open with strangers with the assumption that everyone will appreciate their transparency.

 

This clearly isn’t safe for anyone but especially for the younger generation. The previous generations are now reaping what they’ve sown when it comes to internet transparency as many of them realize that there is no way to fully erase their actions online. It’s because of this notion that it’s important to teach kids how to navigate the internet safely, and it’s a lot easier than one might think.

 

Social Media

 

When using social media, keep in mind that every platform has built-in security features, most of which are turned off when an account is first made. Take some time to familiarize yourself with every platforms’ security features, and use them. Here are some of the main ways to stay safe when using social media:

 

  • Set accounts to private and be choosy about who is let in
  • Never post anything that would give away an address, phone number, name, or social security number
  • Never post any financial information such as bank account numbers or show off a new card
  • Remember that everything posted has the chance to be screenshot, so even if a post is deleted it could still exist somewhere

 

Websites in general

 

  • Try to stick to encrypted websites if possible. the Url will have ‘HTTPS and a padlock next to it, which means data is safe even if it’s leaked
  • Use a VPN if possible, but make sure the VPN doesn’t store personal information either.
  • Make sure any usernames and passwords chosen can’t be easily guessed

 

These are just a few ways to stay safe online, but the world within the internet is always shifting and changing. The best mindset is to be vigilant and not overshare. If something seems too easy or too good to be true it usually is.

 

For more helpful tips, click here.

Four Cybersecurity Tips For Small Businesses

Four Cybersecurity Tips for Small Businesses

Most small business owners ignore the threat posed by cybersecurity. There is a common myth that cybercriminals can’t attack small businesses and start-ups. However, cybercriminals are now focusing on small businesses as they are aware that they put very few measures against cybersecurity threats. Cybercriminals target small businesses with the aim of hacking and stealing vital data. A single hack may eventually lead to loss of business records, fraud, and theft of customers’ confidential information.

 

The following are four cybersecurity measures that small businesses should consider:

 

1. Encrypt and back up all business data.

 

Small businesses should have all their data encrypted before backing up their data. They should consider installing encryption software to encrypt all sensitive email and hardware drives. It’s advisable not to store essential business data in one place. Therefore, small businesses should back up all data in an external drive or the cloud storage, or both.

 

2. Install firewalls.

 

Why would you operate systems without an effective firewall? A firewall prevents any unauthorized access into the small business networks. Firewalls are readily available as there are multiple vendors in the market.

 

3. Install antivirus protection software.

 

Antivirus software is for protecting small businesses from viruses, spyware, and malware. Small businesses should use up-to-date antivirus software since they have improved patches; hence, cybercriminals can’t exploit the older version’s weaknesses. System users should also regularly scan all hardware for malware to ensure that the systems are secure from viruses.

 

4. Embrace strong passwords.

 

Every computer hardware, software, system accounts, and essential documents should be password-protected. Small business employees should avoid easy-to-guess passwords, e.g., date of birth, ID number, etc. When creating strong passwords, ensure you include numbers, symbols, and a combination of capitalized and small letters. Even if the passwords are strong, small businesses should regularly change them since hackers may have intercepted them and wait for the right time to attack.

 

With all the above four cybersecurity tips, why would any small business and start-up wait to experience data theft? A successful hack into the system may lead to financial losses and unending lawsuits from customers whose confidential information has leaked. Third parties can be a source of your cybersecurity vulnerability; hence small businesses should only deal with third parties who have embraced effective cybersecurity measures.  

The Importance Of Having A Vpn At Home

The Importance of Having a VPN at Home

  Anyone who’s been on the internet has heard of VPN services in the past couple of years. However, the average internet user might not truly understand the need to have a VPN. You should consider these reasons why you should start using a VPN service on your internet-connected devices.

Restricted Content

 Whether you’re using Netflix or Hulu, you can access a catalog of content that can specific to your country. This means that you could be blocked access from the movie or TV show that you want to watch while another user in a different country gets access to that content. Fortunately, a VPN service can help out with this issue.

 To solve this, a user needs to subscribe to a VPN service that offers a server in the country that their streaming content is available. From there, users can watch any restricted content as long as they are using it through their VPN service.

Public Networks

 If you need to use the internet while traveling, you might be thinking of using a public network somewhere like an airport or a coffee shop. This might seem simple enough, but you can run into intruders that are on the same network. Having intruders on the same public network as you means that you could have your details and files leaked to them as you browse the internet. Fortunately, a VPN can prevent you from these attacks.

 To protect yourself, make sure that you’ve subscribed to a VPN service before accessing your public network. You should then be able to connect to your VPN at any time to create a secured connection on both ends. With a secure connection, intruders won’t get any private details from you since packets coming from your computer and VPN network are encrypted.

Blocked Websites

 Getting past restricted streaming content can be great, but you might be wondering more about websites that are blocked in your country. In countries like China, users can go through social media websites like Twitter and YouTube without getting a blocked message. Fortunately, having a VPN lets you bypass this.

 You can bypass website restrictions on a VPN because the packets are encrypted in a way that isn’t if you are using a typical network. However, users should find out if any laws make this a criminal offense anywhere they may be living or traveling. 

How To Budget Properly For Your Business Cybersecurity System Chika Wonah

How to Budget Properly for Your Business Cybersecurity System

Today, cybersecurity is critical for any business; even though most are not doing well due to the covid-19 outbreak, they should be cyber safe. According to security experts, it’s vital to ensure that more funds are allocated to cybersecurity systems and more staff hired. It’s critical to get value for cybersecurity investment since each new software invention is vulnerable to cyberattacks. Budgeting for cyberattacks can be tricky as the process is marred with various factors that make it hard.

 

Eliminate Lack of Confidence in the Budgeting Process

A higher percentage of business executives are afraid that cyber spending is not in line with significant risk; hence it’s hard to measure its value. The process monitors cyber effectiveness concerning the budget expenditure. There is a lack of confidence that the current budget will link the overall budget in a strategic, risk-aligned, and data-driven way. The executives are not sure whether the budgets are enough to provide solutions for future emerging technology issues. There is a lack of confidence in the process used to fund cybersecurity, hence creating a revamp. Although some are using new budgeting processes, most agree that they can contain the situation while managing the budget.

 

Budgeting for Cyber Risk is a Must

 

To protect a business from cyber-attacks and ensure its security, privacy, and cash flow, cyber managers need to quantify cyber risk and use the information to make the right decisions. Executives who have quantified cyber risk have tangible benefits from the process; however, it comes with numerous obstacles such as lack of individuals who understand cyber risk from a business view, lack of scalability, and widely accepted models. 60% have either started to quantify cyber risk or are implementing at scale.

 

Instill Confidence in Budgeting Decisions

 

Cyber economics has long been focusing on the cost side without realizing its benefits to a business. Cybersecurity should be highly regarded in every business decision-making to ensure they achieve a strategic, risk-aligned, and data-driven solution. Investing in cyber projects allows a business to compare the cost and value of risk reduction and cost compliance. Quantification is a sure way of valuing cyber investments against business objectives. CEOs must ensure this happens since they are held accountable for cybersecurity.

 

Resetting Your Cybersecurity Strategies In 2021 Chika Wonah

Resetting Your Cybersecurity Strategies in 2021

2020 was the year of the unexpected, biologically and digitally. This is true in terms of many changes and served as an eye-opener for better preparedness. It is an era that shows preparation, caution, and due diligence matters in all aspects or one would face similar consequences.

 

One of the significant shifts was the switch from physical interactions to compulsory digital ones, leading to an expansion in digitization. People started working from home, and many businesses joined the digital movement; this led to a more substantial focus on cybersecurity with the rise of many cyber attacks.

 

The Need for Cybersecurity in A Distributed Working Environment

 

Hackers capitalized on the ‘work from home’ trend, and there was a surge in global cyber attacks. Phishing and the use of fake accounts to access individual personal information were in vogue. Ransomware was on a rampage as many firms, companies, organizations, and even networks in their entirety were held as hostages.

 

Accelerated machine learning significantly impacted widespread digitization, and artificial intelligence technologies are on the rise as well. Like every other digital creation, digitization has its vulnerabilities; this leads to hackers exploiting the vulnerabilities in these creations, including networks and devices.

 

The Rise of Cybersecurity Must Follow

 

The cyber breaches of 2020 were recorded to almost double that of 2019 due to the digital expansion. An estimate of 59% of the world’s population, amounting to 4.6 billion, was the rate of active internet users as of July 2020.

 

As the usage went up, so did the attacks.

 

Statistics for online crimes reported to the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) in 2020 were nearly quadruple that of 2019 due to the pandemic.

 

Everyone is susceptible to breaches, but with actions, one can limit the damages. Indeed, individuals and organizations can attribute risks to new business models, innovations and technologies. Hence, a need to reset cybersecurity strategies so that 2021 can be better.

 

Simple Actions To Take

 

Cybersecurity organizations project that in every 11 seconds, a business may fall victim to a ransomware attack in 2021. The prediction for global ransomware damage costs is about $20 billion by 2021. However, with the right actions, one can flatten the cybersecurity attack curve.

 

Reviewing cyber budgets, planning for resilience, investing in security solutions, and enhancing security in organizations are part of the focus on resetting cybersecurity strategies.

 

Amidst rapid global digitization in businesses and every other aspect of life, a holistic cyber strategy is required. One that encompasses adequate prevention and protection and will lead to a foreseeable decline in cyber attacks.

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